Hazards Definition and Classification Review

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 (‘the Sendai Framework’) was one of three landmark agreements adopted by the United Nations in 2015, alongside the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

Hazards Definition and Classification Review

As has been made devastatingly clear through 2020, the hazards facing societies today are highly complex and have cascading risks across natural, social and economic systems. This calls for a standardized characterization of hazards that can serve as a basis for countries to assess and accordingly enhance their risk reduction policies and operational risk management practices.

In recognition of this need, the ISC partnered with the UNDRR in 2019 to launch an ambitious science project to identify the full scope of all hazards relevant to the Sendai Framework from hydro-meteorological, geological and biological to environmental, chemical and technological, and develop a common set of hazard definitions.

In 2019 and the first half of 2020 a Technical Working Group led by Virginia Murray, Head of Global Disaster Risk Reduction at Public Health England, worked to draft hazard definitions and an accompanying report that provides a scientific basis for the definition of specific hazards and related metrics. The process of identifying and defining hazards initiated collaboration across many scientific disciplines, drawing on the expertise of the ISC’s Members and broader scientific community who provided peer reviews, as well as across many UN organizations.

The resulting Hazard Definition & Classification Review: Technical Report was published in mid-2020, and launched through a virtual meeting on 29 July 2020. It has been well received, and the follow-up has also resulted in opportunities to partner with key UN agencies; CODATA has been engaged to advise the UN on the development of an information management system related to the hazard information profiles. A compilation of hazard information profiles will be published in 2021.

Hazard Definition & Classification Review: Technical Report

Watch the launch of the Hazard Definition and Classification Review

In June 2021 the report was presented to the first Expert Forum for Producers and Users of Disaster-related Statistics.

Image: Denis Onyodi/URCS via Flickr.

Next up: The Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR) programme 

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