Open science is becoming more important as an emerging paradigm for science, as is demonstrated by the ongoing development of an international standard-setting instrument on open science in the form of a UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science to be adopted by Member States in 2021.
In 2020, in response to the UNESCO global consultation on open science, the ISC developed a draft working paper that describes the rationale for and the origins of the modern open science movement, its dimensions and its applications. The paper makes recommendations for scientists, universities, UNESCO and other scientific organizations on the changes required for the effective operation of open science.
UNESCO invited the ISC, the European Federation of Academies of Sciences and Humanities (ALLEA), the InterAcademy Partnership (IAP) and World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO) to convene feedback from the scientific community on the first draft of the UNESCO Recommendation. The results of the survey were published in early 2021, and the ISC is continuing to engage with UNESCO as the process towards finalizing and adopting the Recommendation continues.