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Use the economic stimulus package to build resilient, climate-friendly economic structures

Prof. Dr. Manfred Fischedick, Scientific Managing Director, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment, Energy, discusses the need to mobilise investments that shape a sustainable, climate-friendly, resource-efficient and, not least, resilient economy.

This blog is from the Corona Sustainability Compass initiative.

Work is currently underway worldwide to stop COVID-19 from spreading and to develop a suitable vaccine. This is absolutely right and important, and is as much a top priority as maintaining the functioning of the public health system and providing care for people who have fallen ill with the virus.

At the same time, the huge short-term economic consequences of the corona-virus crisis must be tackled with suitable instruments so that businesses in the country remain able to operate and can contribute to the country’s economic recovery after the crisis. This requires straightforward, pragmatic and unbureaucratic efforts so as to achieve a sufficiently rapid response and breadth of impact.

Mechanisms for the long-term crisis management are also needed. Countries typically launch extensive economic stimulus packages to revive their economy. The experience gained during the 2008/2009 economic crisis shows that it is advisable to think about how the funds made available should be used, and how the greatest possible steering effect can be achieved at the earliest possible stage. In view of the considerable transformation-related challenges that lie ahead, this means, in particular, mobilising investments to shape a sustainable, climate-friendly, resource-efficient and, not least, resilient economy.

This requires a “green recovery” programme which is based on the principles and objectives of the European Green Deal, and especially, greenhouse gas neutrality by 2050 at the latest. In the current crisis situation, to let up now and follow the voices that speak in favour of relaxing the climate protection requirements would be exactly the wrong strategy, as an unchecked continuation of climate change has the potential to lead to a much more far-reaching and lasting crisis of devastating global proportions.

Essential building blocks for resilient economic structures that need to be taken into account when designing economic stimulus packages are investments:

  • in the intensified development of regional structures of production, especially for products and services of general interest and basic services (for example, goods for the healthcare system)
  • into structural changes for the successive but consistent closing of material cycles (the circular economy)
  • in the accelerated development of green production processes (for example, hydrogen-based methods of steel production)
  • the establishment or expansion of adequate supply infrastructures (for example, embarking on a hydrogen economy with secure sources of supply in cooperation with neighbouring countries)
  • in the development of “green product markets”, through targeted government incentives via public procurement, for example, or the (voluntary) setting of product standards (for example, climate-friendly steel and plastics for the production of cars)
  • for the establishment of development infrastructures (for example, Living Laboratories) for start-ups and SMEs for the design, development and testing of climate-friendly products and services, and stimulus programmes for reconciling the robust demand and expertise of stakeholders.

The measures referred to as examples firstly contribute to climate protection and to increasing resource efficiency, but secondly, to a reduction of the partially one-sided dependence on imports and therefore global value chains, which appear to be necessary after the experiences of the crisis. From an economic perspective, the increased resilience associated with this is likely to be assessed in a completely different way in the future, even if clear measurement parameters are still lacking. However, it is also clear that the measures mentioned are not only associated with huge investments, but also with structural changes in our economic cycles and the abandonment of structures that have developed over decades.  But when, if not now – in times that are anyway exceptional for the worlds of business and politics – is a good opportunity to over-come dependencies and use stimulating investments to accelerate the transformation processes that are necessary anyway and to accelerate investments.

For further reflection on this subject, refer to the discussion paper which is available at

Manfred Fischedick is Scientific Managing Director of the Wuppertal Institute and Professor at the Schumpeter School of Business and Economics at the University of Wuppertal. He consults the European Union, the German Federal Government and various German states as well as companies from different industries on energy and climate policy issues.

Corona Sustainability Compass – manage today, master tomorrow

The Corona Sustainability Compass is a new initiative lead by UBS (Umweltbundesamt) in partnership with the ISC, Future Earth and Stiftung 2° (Foundation 2°). Click here for more information.

Photo: Uwe Schinkel, EnergieAgentur.NRW (CC BY 2.0)

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