During May and June, the ISC will be featuring content by experts on Rearticulating Human Development. This is a joint project with the UNDP. ISC members and your networks are encouraged to participate. This interview was conducted by Asun Lera St Clair @AsunStClair
Amy Luers is Executive Director of Future Earth and the Global Director of Sustainability in the Digital Age initiative.
How could we rethink our conceptual understanding of human development?
The concept of human development as it emerged in the early ‘90s focused on people and their opportunities and choices. As a metric, the Human Development Index (encompassing three key dimensions of heath, knowledge, and standard of living) is a means to emphasize people and their capabilities as criteria for assessing a country’s development.
But in today’s geo-socio-political reality, even the term “human development” might be dated, with its focus on the individual “human.” Humans now are deeply connected to each other through both the digital and the natural worlds. The fragile balance of our global society is defined by our interdependence on multiple planes ( social, natural, and digital). So, perhaps we need to shift our thinking towards “humanity development”, an approach that removes the emphasis on the individual and that instead focuses on the systems in which humanity functions everyday.
In the Anthropocene, it is vital that society recognizes that human health, security, and prosperity are inextricably linked to the state of Earth’s life-support systems including water, oceans, land, air, and climate. So a concept of humanity development would recognize that the choices or possibilities for individuals are influenced by our collective success in taking a systems-based, multidisciplinary, multilateral, approach to global risks now and in the future. This will require rethinking our metrics of development, along with our norms and lifestyles.
The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) begin to hint at a humanity development perspective. The 17 SDGs were adopted as an “integrated and indivisible” agenda for global sustainability but in practice, SDG strategies are often pursued in sectoral or disciplinary silos. Now that research has demonstrated inherent trade-offs and synergies among SDGs and highlights the need for systems-based or nexus approaches we can extend this kind of holistic thinking to humanity development, to build resilience for people today and tomorrow.
What are the major emerging challenges to human centred development in the world today?
The degradation of Earth’s life support systems and the rise of intelligent systems, are both increasing inequities, and moving us away from a humanity-centered existence. At this particular moment in time, the convergence of challenges – Covid-19, systemic racism, viral misinformation – might seem overwhelming. As machines increasingly mediate our interactions with each other, and as the digital divide widens, inequities increase. And zoonotic diseases like coronavirus, that disproportionately affect marginalized populations, will remain as long as we continue to encroach on wild spaces and destroy wildlife habitats. The major challenge is to not treat these in isolation. There is an opportunity to capitalize on our connections to each other, the natural world and the digital world, to pivot towards the values of collectivism and humanity-centered development.
For example, I am leading a new initiative, Sustainability in the Digital Age, that explores how we can leverage new digital capabilities to drive systems changes and to steer society toward a climate safe and equitable world. This new initiative which has grown out of a yearlong effort led by Future Earth, in which we engaged over 250 experts worldwide to develop a research, innovation, and action agenda to identify and ultimately pull key levers of change across global governance, economic and cognitive systems.
How can the human development approach inform public debates and decision makers about current and future challenges?
Assuming a “humanity” development approach, will also be a key to inform new policies and public debates as we aim to navigate the digital age. This will require building a community of practice who are “bilingual” in the digital and sustainability languages. This is a key part of the Sustainability in the Digital Age (SDA). We have just recently launched a new training program Leadership in Environment and Digital Innovation for Sustainability (LEADiS) which will focus on training graduates and postgraduates at this critical intersection to become the powerful sustainability leaders that we need.
We need leaders who can speak both languages, and we need leaders who will invest in taking a systems approach to change. Pivoting the framework of human development to humanity development may help to reset the narrative.
In short, when rearticulating human development our decision makers must consider humanity within the context of its interconnected social and natural systems, to truly enable generations now and future, to enjoy full, healthy and ideal lives.
Amy Luers is Executive Director of Future Earth and the Global Director of Sustainability in the Digital Age initiative. Amy has over 25 years of experience working at the intersection of science, technology, and policy. A former assistant director in the Obama White House and senior manager at Google, she is a member of the U.S. Council on Foreign Relations and has served on committees of the U.S. Global Change Research Program and the National Academies of Sciences. She sits on several advisory boards including the Carnegie Climate Governance Initiative, the IEEE Committee on Ethically Designed AI for a Sustainable Planet, the International Observatory on AI and digital Technologies, and the US National Council for Science and the Environment. Luers has a PhD in environmental science, and a MA in international policy studies from Stanford University, and B.S and M.S in Systems Engineering from Humboldt State University, and a B.A. in Philosophy from Middlebury College.
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