Carlos Nobre is a scientist recognized for his work on biosphere-atmosphere interactions and climate-ecological impacts of Amazon deforestation and global warming, working especially with the risk of ‘savannization’ of this Biome. Carlos holds a Ph.D. degree in Meteorology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA, and has worked for more than 35 years at the Brazilian National Institute for Space Research (INPE). He has been an architect for the establishment of a number of research institutions in Brazil, including the Brazilian Center for Weather Prediction and Climate Studies (CPTEC), the Center for Earth System Science (CCST) and the National Center for Monitoring and Early Warning of Natural Disasters (CEMADEN).
He was one of the architects of the Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) and its first Program Scientist. He has been Scientific Director of the Brazilian Research Network for Climate Change (Rede CLIMA), Chair of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), member of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and is a member of the UN Secretary-General Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) for Global Sustainability. He is a member of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, the World Academy of Sciences and Foreign Associate of US National Academy of Sciences and foreign member of the UK’s Royal Society. Carlos has also worked in science-policy interface as National Secretary for R&D Policies, Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, and has been the President of the Brazilian Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education (CAPES).
Currently, he is a Senior Scientist at the University of São Paulo’s Institute for Advanced Studies and he is championing the so-called Amazonia 4.0 project, a science-based initiative to develop a “standing forest bio-economy for the Amazon”. He is author or co-author of over 250 scientific papers, book chapters and books and has received a number of scientific awards. Carlos is one of the Co-Chairs of the Science Panel for the Amazon (SPA) and a member of the SPA Science Steering Committee.