The Bangladesh Academy of Sciences was established in 1973 with the objective of advancing science and technology for the development of the country. It is at the apex of all Scientific Societies in the country and is administered as an NGO by Fellows elected from among the most distinguished scientists, with financial support from the government. The Academy now has 43 Fellows. Its activities include: a) promotion and recognition of high calibre research done by scientists and facilitation of their mutual contacts; b) strengthening of R&D for economic development; c) advising the government on science policy and planning; and d) international cooperation in science and technology; e) evaluation of scientific projects and personal. In fact, the Academy is working as the scientific think-tank of the government.