Strohschneider studied German philology as well as law, history, sociology, and political sciences, received his PhD 1984 in Munich, and hold the chair of German Medieval and Early Modern Studies at Dresden University of Technology (1993-2002).
He was visiting professor at the École Pratique des Hautes Études in Paris, the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Study, and the Goethe-University in Frankfurt am Main, and is a member of – among others – the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, the Leopoldina – German National Academy of Sciences, and the Academia Europaea. He declined calls from the University of Tuebingen and Freie Universität Berlin.
From 2006 to 2011 he chaired the German Sciences and Humanities Council (Wissenschaftsrat), from 2013 through 2019 he was President of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation). His engagement in national and international panels and committees includes the chair of the Board of Trustees of the Georg August University of Göttingen since the beginning of 2020.
His research interest is focussed on the theory of textuality, medieval cultural studies, and research policy.