Addressing persistent and worsening global environmental problems, such as climate change, biodiversity loss and resource depletion, will require socio-technical systems such as energy, transport and housing to undergo fundamental change, and, in some cases, total transformation. This T2S knowledge brief presents the ‘Multi-level perspective’, which is a research approach to understanding how such changes might be brought about.
This knowledge brief, published by the Transformations to Sustainability programme, is based on a peer-reviewed article which synthesizes recent literature on the Multi-Level Perspective (MLP) approach in sociotechnical transitions research, including criticisms and recent elaborations.
It is part of a series of knowledge briefs which synthesize findings from recent research papers on transformations into an accessible format, with the aim of opening up the latest transformations research to a wider audience.
Download Frameworks for understanding transformations to sustainability – the ‘Multi-Level Perspective’ in socio-technical transitions research
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