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COVID-19 and implications for national and global policy 

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This project aims to outline mid- and long-term scenarios to improve understanding of the options for achieving an optimistic and fair end to the COVID-19 pandemic.


For much of the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, policy-makers and the public focused on the immediate health crisis, and the promise of ending it through vaccine development.

With the short-term needs of the ongoing healthcare emergency demanding so much attention, the pandemic’s many other consequences were less studied. Early during the pandemic, the ISC identified the importance of exploring these other facets, aiming to understand how decisions made by governments and individuals could drive more positive or negative outcomes. To that end, the COVID-19 Outcome Scenarios project aimed to provide facts and analysis to policy-makers and citizens to help inform better decision-making.

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To inform the direction of the project, the ISC consulted with the World Health Organization and the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. A multidisciplinary oversight panel of top global experts from relevant disciplines led the project.

Activities and impact

Oversight panel



Project team

James Waddell James Waddell

James Waddell

Science Officer, Political Affairs Liaison

Global Science Policy Unit, International Science Council

James Waddell

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